The Great Mosque of Córdoba, also known as Mezquita-Catedral de Córdoba, is a unique architectural treasure located in the city of Córdoba, Spain. Originally built as a Visigothic church in the 6th century, the site was converted into a mosque after the Islamic conquest of Spain in the 8th century. Subsequently, following the Christian Reconquista, the mosque was transformed into a Roman Catholic cathedral in the 13th century.
The Great Mosque of Córdoba is renowned for its striking horseshoe arches and alternating red and white voussoirs, which create a stunning visual effect. The mosque's prayer hall houses over 850 columns, crafted from jasper, onyx, marble, and granite. The Mihrab, a niche that indicates the direction of Mecca, is adorned with Byzantine-style gold mosaics.
Today, the Mezquita-Catedral de Córdoba is a UNESCO World Heritage site, showcasing the harmonious coexistence of Islamic and Christian architectural styles and the rich cultural history of Andalusia.