Al-Aqsa Mosque, also known as Al-Masjid al-Aqsa or Bayt al-Maqdis, is the third holiest site in Islam and is located in the Old City of Jerusalem. The mosque was initially constructed in the 7th century CE by Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab and has undergone several reconstructions and expansions over the years.
The mosque is part of a larger complex known as the Haram esh-Sharif or Temple Mount, which includes the Dome of the Rock, another significant Islamic monument. Al-Aqsa Mosque is distinguished by its silver-colored lead dome, which is surrounded by four minarets.
Al-Aqsa Mosque holds immense significance for Muslims as the place where Prophet Muhammad is believed to have ascended to heaven during the Isra and Mi'raj, his night journey and ascension. The mosque continues to be an important place of worship and a symbol of the enduring connection between Islam and Jerusalem.